TORONTO KIDS COMPUTER CLUB | Aurora Saturday 14:30 Python Practice 22.06.25.
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# Aurora Saturday 14:30 Python Practice 22.06.25.

## 03 Jul Aurora Saturday 14:30 Python Practice 22.06.25.

Question:

Starting with x and repeatedly multiplying by x, we can compute x31 with thirty multiplications:

x2 = x × xx3 = x2 × xx4 = x3 × x, …, x31 = x30 × x.

The operation of squaring can be appreciably shorten the sequence of multiplications. The following is a way to compute x31 with eight multiplications:

x2 = x × xx3 = x2 × xx6 = x3 × x3x7 = x6 × xx14 = x7 × x7x15 = x14 × xx30 = x15 × x15x31 = x30 × x.

This is not the shortest sequence of multiplications to compute x31. There are many ways with only seven multiplications. The following is one of them:

x2 = x × x, x4 = x2 × x2x8 = x4 × x4x8 = x4 × x4x10 = x8 × x2x20 = x10 × x10x30 = x20 × x10x31 = x30 × x.

If division is also available, we can find a even shorter sequence of operations. It is possible to compute x31 with six operations (five multiplications and one division):

x2 = x × xx4 = x2 × x2x8 = x4 × x4x16 = x8 × x8x32 = x16 × x16x31 = x32 ÷ x.

This is one of the most efficient ways to compute x31 if a division is as fast as a multiplication.

Your mission is to write a program to find the least number of operations to compute xn by multiplication and division starting with x for the given positive integer n. Products and quotients appearing in the sequence should be x to a positive integer’s power. In others words, x−3, for example, should never appear.

Input

The input is a sequence of one or more lines each containing a single integer nn is positive and less than or equal to 1000. The end of the input is indicated by a zero.

Output

Your program should print the least total number of multiplications and divisions required to compute xn starting with x for the integer n. The numbers should be written each in a separate line without any superfluous characters such as leading or trailing spaces.

Sample Input

```1
31
70
91
473
512
811
953
0```

Sample Output

```0
6
8
9
11
9
13
12```
` `